WordPress Beginner Part10 — Install themes and plugins

The power of WordPress is, to a large extent, due to its good extension and numerous themes and plug-in support. Today, Meng Meng will briefly introduce WordPress installation theme and plug-in methods.

WordPress installation theme

WordPress can be installed via 3 common installation methods

Method One: Online Search Installation

Access Background – Appearance – Themes – Install Themes, Enter Subject Keywords, Search

Browse search results for installation

Note: The topics that are searched here are the themes that the theme author submitted to the WordPress theme library. Experience tells us that for domestic users, it is difficult to quickly find the theme we want here, so it is generally not recommended unless you want to The theme has already been submitted to the theme library.

Method two: upload the theme file to install online

This is a more versatile method, provided that the theme package must be packaged in .zip format. In the background – Appearance – Themes – Install Topics – Upload, select the theme package, then install

Successful installation is as follows

Method 3: Upload Topics via FTP

If you can’t install the theme by the above method, you can connect to the host space via FTP, then go to the /wp-content/theme directory of the website and upload the locally unzipped theme file here.

Enable and manage topics

After installing the theme, visit the background – Appearance – theme, you can see the theme just installed, you can view the “Details”, “Preview” or “Enabled” theme. If you want to change the theme, you can also enable new topics here.

After you enable the theme, you may need to further set the theme. Different topics require different settings, so this is not demonstrated here.

WordPress Install Plugin

Installing plug-ins is similar to installing themes, but there are also 3 commonly used methods:

Method One: Online Search Installation

Access background – plugins – install plugins, enter keyword search

Browse search results for installation

Note: It is generally recommended to install plug-ins that have been submitted to the WordPress plug-in library, and it has been recently updated (it is recommended not to install plug-ins that have not been updated for more than 2 years)

Method two: Upload and install plugins online

Access Background – Plugins – Install Plugins – Upload, select the plugin package in native .zip format

Method 3: Upload and Install Through FTP

If there is no way to install through the above method, you can connect to the host space via FTP, extract the created package, and upload it to the /wp-content/plugins directory:

Enable and manage plugins

After the plug-in is installed, access the background – plug-ins – installed plug-ins, you can enable the plug-in

You can also disable disabled plugins here

Note: Some plug-ins need to be set up after the relevant settings, each plug-in settings options are not the same, this is not demonstrated.

Well, the above is the basic operation of installing WordPress themes and plug-ins. Have you learned?

 

Read other articles in this series:

WordPress Beginner Part1 — what is wordpress?

WordPress Beginner Part2 — What are the conditions for building a WordPress site?

WordPress Beginner Part3 — How to install WordPress

WordPress Beginner Part4 — WordPress basic settings

WordPress Beginner Part5 — Create and manage article categories

WordPress Beginner Part6 — Little-known background “small private”

WordPress Beginner Part7 — publishing new articles and article management

WordPress Beginner Part8 — New page and management page

WordPress Beginner Part9 — Set up the navigation menu

WordPress Beginner Part10 — Install themes and plugins

 

WordPress Beginner Part8 — New page and management page

WordPress pages and articles are similar, but also a content publishing function, but they are different, the following advocate Meng Meng briefly introduce. Open background – page – New page, you can see the following interface:

The similarities and differences between pages and articles

Pages and articles are similar — they all have titles, text, and related information. However, pages that are similar to permanent ones are often not faded out of sight as time goes by, as in general blog posts. Pages cannot be categorized or labeled, but they can have hierarchical relationships. You can attach pages under another page.

The method of creating a new page and writing an article is very similar, and the following interface can also be customized by the same method (dragging sorting, “display options” tab, and expanding and retracting modules). This page also supports a full-screen writing interface. The full-screen writing interface supports the “visual” and “text” modes. The page editor and article editor are also similar, except that some of the options in the “Page Attributes” module are slightly different:

Parents – You can organize your pages in a hierarchical manner. For example, you can create an “About” page with subordinates of “Life” and “My Pet.” There is no limit to the depth of the hierarchy.

Templates – Some themes have custom templates that you can use on pages where you want to add new features or custom layouts. If so, you can see it in the drop-down menu.

Sorting – Pages are sorted alphabetically by default. You can also customize the order of the pages by assigning a number to the page (1 for the first, 2 for the second…) (this is rarely used since WordPress 3.0 introduces custom menu functionality).

Pages are often used to create separate content, such as: About Us, Links, Advertising Collaboration, Contributions Pages…

Create a new page

Other modules and functions of the page publishing interface are basically the same as the article publishing page. Please read “Publish new articles and management articles.”

Management page

Open background – page – all pages, you can view all the pages that have been created:

1. You can click the “Display Options” in the upper right corner to set the items to be displayed and the number of pages per page

2. You can batch select pages, and then perform some batch operations, such as bulk move to the recycle bin

3. Move the mouse to the title of the page and the function menu “Edit, Quick Edit, Move to Recycle Bin, View” will be displayed. If you only want to edit the properties of some pages, you can use “Quick Edit” directly; Modify the content of the page, then use “edit”.

 

Read other articles in this series:

WordPress Beginner Part1 — what is wordpress?

WordPress Beginner Part2 — What are the conditions for building a WordPress site?

WordPress Beginner Part3 — How to install WordPress

WordPress Beginner Part4 — WordPress basic settings

WordPress Beginner Part5 — Create and manage article categories

WordPress Beginner Part6 — Little-known background “small private”

WordPress Beginner Part7 — publishing new articles and article management

WordPress Beginner Part8 — New page and management page

WordPress Beginner Part9 — Set up the navigation menu

WordPress Beginner Part10 — Install themes and plugins

WordPress Beginner Part5 — Create and manage article categories

Articles of different themes are divided into different categories, helping visitors find the content they want and improving the user experience. Therefore, it is necessary to create article classification for your website. So how does WordPress create and manage article classifications? Today, Meng Meng will briefly introduce you.

Before creating a category, it is best to have a clearer understanding of the content orientation of your site and then list the preferred category name (typically 2-6 characters is appropriate).

Enter the background – articles – category directory, you can see the classification creation and classification management interface:

Add new category

Adding catalogs by default has 4 options:

  • Name – The name of the category, which is generally 2-6 characters, as in the “WordPress Theme” above
  • Aliases – Mainly used in URLs in catalogs, such as “themes” in “https://www.wpdaxue.com/category/themes” are aliases for “WordPress Themes” (WordPress by default automatically adds /category to URLs Categories)
  • Parent – The level of classification, the default is first-level classification, you can also add sub-categories; if the content of the first-level classification can also be classified into more detailed sections, consider adding sub-categories
  • Description – describes what this category is mainly about, and some WordPress themes will call this description as a description or classification description

Set default classification

The main use of the default classification is that if you do not manually specify the classification of an article when you write it, it will be automatically assigned to the default classification.

Go to Background – Settings – Write, you can set “Default Article Category”

Manage existing categories

By placing the mouse over the category name, you can manage the menu: Edit | Quick Edit | Delete | View (as shown in the “WordPress Development” above), you can click on the menu to see.

It should be noted that if a category is “default category” and cannot be deleted, you can first set other categories as the default category and then delete the category.

See Category ID

Sometimes, for example, some theme setting options, you need to fill in the classification ID in order to call the classification content, then you need to see the classification ID

Place the mouse over the category name and right-copy the link address to get the following link:

Http://xxxxxx/edit-tags.php?action=edit&taxonomy=category&tag_ID=4&post_type=post

Where ID=4 is the ID of this category

Well, the basic introduction to classification is here, if there is any problem you can leave a message.

 

Read other articles in this series:

WordPress Beginner Part1 — what is wordpress?

WordPress Beginner Part2 — What are the conditions for building a WordPress site?

WordPress Beginner Part3 — How to install WordPress

WordPress Beginner Part4 — WordPress basic settings

WordPress Beginner Part5 — Create and manage article categories

WordPress Beginner Part6 — Little-known background “small private”

WordPress Beginner Part7 — publishing new articles and article management

WordPress Beginner Part8 — New page and management page

WordPress Beginner Part9 — Set up the navigation menu

WordPress Beginner Part10 — Install themes and plugins

WordPress Beginner Part4 — WordPress basic settings

As mentioned earlier, how to install WordPress, then we need to quickly familiarize ourselves with WordPress and perform some necessary basic settings.

Before starting the setup, it is recommended that you first click on each of the options in the left menu bar to see what exactly you are doing. Let’s start with some of the most basic settings that a new WordPress site should perform.

First, set up personal data

It is recommended that you improve your basic information, because some WordPress themes will call the information here.

Open Users – My Profile:

It should be noted that it is recommended to fill in the nickname, and then set the [publicly displayed as] to select other than the login user name, the content here will be displayed in the front of the site, if you directly use the login user name, there is a security risk .

Second, set the site’s general options

Open Settings – General:

It’s simple, just note that generally you don’t want to change your WordPress address and site address unless you change your domain name.

Third, modify the fixed link

Almost every website system allows you to set the website’s permalink style. WordPress is no exception.

Open Settings – Fixed Links:

The setting of the fixed link is very important. After the website is online, don’t modify it any more. Otherwise, it will not only affect the inclusion, but also cause the search engine to directly stop!

Set up a fixed link, advocate Meng think it is necessary to meet the “level simple” principle. Generally do not use the first “default” style, do not recommend 2, 3, 4 kinds. At present, more people use the following kinds:

  • 1 The custom structure is /%post_id% (it ends directly with the article ID) and the result is similar to http://demo.wpdaxue.info/321
  • 2 The custom structure is /%post_id%.html (ID.html) and the display result is similar to http://demo.wpdaxue.info/321.html
  • 3 Select the fifth “article name” is /%postname%/ (behind the slant / can not), the result is similar to http://demo.wpdaxue.info/ article title /
  • 4 The custom structure is /%postname%.html and the result is similar to http://demo.wpdaxue.info/ Article Title.html

Among them, 1 and 2 are very short and are automatically generated, but some people care about the fact that the article ID is not continuous. For example, the first article has an id of 3, and the second article actually has a score of 13, which is marked by WordPress itself. Caused by reasons such as preservation;

3 and 4 are directly linked to the title of the article. The semantics are clear. When someone looks at the link, they will probably know what this article is about and it is also good for SEO. For English and other language systems, this is very convenient, but the Chinese title can be used as a link. Chinese characters may appear as long garbled characters, or they may cause links to fail to open. For this situation, you can install plug-ins that are automatically translated into pinyin or English, but if the title of the article is very long, the translated link is also very long, so you can manually delete it when you publish the article, or simply advocate it. Similarly, do not install the translation plug-in and fill it in manually.

In general, the hierarchical structure is simple and convenient for you to operate. It is important to remember that after the website is online, don’t modify the fixed link style easily!

Fourth, set the reading

Open Settings – Read

You can simply set the number of articles displayed on the next page (different theme settings may not be possible), and you can also set whether or not to include search engines.

Five, images and upload settings

Open Settings – Multimedia:

By default, each uploaded picture will generate the above-mentioned several kinds of pictures (see the figure in the text description), if you do not need to generate a variety of specifications to occupy space, you can set all to zero, save it.

Of course, this is a global setting. If some themes define the thumbnails of the generated images in functions.php through functions, and the theme needs to be called, the thumbnails defined by the theme will still be generated. That is, theme customization is higher than WordPress default settings. But anyway, it is not wrong to change the default setting to 0. Of course, if the theme author asks you to set other values here.

Sixth, other settings

The above is the more commonly used changes, the other general default can, or you can also according to their own needs, a menu to view settings. For example, if you want to close the entire station comment, you can set it under Settings – Discussions.

Well, WordPress basic settings have been done!

 

Read other articles in this series:

WordPress Beginner Part1 — what is wordpress?

WordPress Beginner Part2 — What are the conditions for building a WordPress site?

WordPress Beginner Part3 — How to install WordPress

WordPress Beginner Part4 — WordPress basic settings

WordPress Beginner Part5 — Create and manage article categories

WordPress Beginner Part6 — Little-known background “small private”

WordPress Beginner Part7 — publishing new articles and article management

WordPress Beginner Part8 — New page and management page

WordPress Beginner Part9 — Set up the navigation menu

WordPress Beginner Part10 — Install themes and plugins

WordPress Beginner Part2 — What are the conditions for building a WordPress site?

The first class of WordPress started with a brief introduction of WordPress. It is an open source, free website building program developed using PHP language and MySQL database. Then building a WordPress site requires a host space capable of running PHP language and a MySQL database.

Maybe some friends will ask, what is the host space, what is the MySQL database, what exactly do they use? Following Meng advocates to use their own words to briefly talk about it.

What is host space? What do you use?

Host space is responsible for two of the most basic functions: storing files on the site, and providing the environment in which the site runs. The host space mentioned here is actually a server that is connected to the public network. It is basically running for 24 hours. The hard disk of the server can store website files. Installing a system and environment in the server can run the website.

The common host space on the market is Windows host and Linux host:

The Windows host, as its name suggests, is a server version of Windows installed on the server, such as windows2003. This kind of host, generally uses its own IIS to configure the environment where the website runs. Windows host, often called the all-round host in the market, supports ASP, PHP and other language-building program. Of course, the MySQL database environment is generally installed.

Note: Internet Information Services (IIS, Internet Information Services) is an Internet based service running Microsoft Windows provided by Microsoft Corporation.

Linux host, the host with the Linux kernel system installed. This kind of mainframe generally installs Apache, MySQL, and PHP three components to set up the website environment. Linux hosts do not support languages ​​such as ASP. Usually, they only support PHP language programs.

 

Choose a Windows host or a Linux host?

The main difference between the Windows host and the Linux host was described earlier in the supported language environment. The former supports more languages, and the latter usually supports only the PHP language. Many friends who have just come into contact with the site may not hesitate to choose Windows as the “all-powerful host”. However, as someone who has come forward, Seng Meng is more recommended to use Linux hosting to build WordPress. why?

Practice has proved that the Linux host’s PHP environment is more conducive to efficient operation of WordPress and other PHP programs, such as support for pseudo-static, support for Chinese links, support for other functions required by WordPress more perfect, run more smoothly.

If you are using a Windows host, you will find that running WordPress feels slower and usually does not perfectly support pseudo-statics. If there are Chinese in the URL, then there will be a 404 error. Sometimes there is no way to use some plugins… although some The problem can be solved by modifying the configuration, but for a novice, there is almost no way to toss!

Therefore, to use WordPress, choosing a Linux host is the right way! !

By the way, due to the fact that Windows hosts need to purchase Microsoft copyright, the cost is relatively high. Generally, there are fewer foreign Windows hosts and they are very expensive. Therefore, advocated Meng recommend that you use the PHP program to build the station, try not to use the ASP language, or you can only buy the windows host in the country, and the domestic host must be filed, if you are not afraid of tossing, then when I did not say anything.

 

What is a MySQL database? What do you use?

MySQL database is usually used to store the data information of the PHP program, such as WordPress some configuration information, article data, etc. are stored in the MySQL database. Usually, we need to use phpMyadmin to operate on the MySQL database, so the general host is installed phpMyadmin program.

 

How many space and database do you need to build WordPress?

In general, the host space has three choices: Web Hosting -> VPS -> Server. For beginners or personal bloggers, Meng Meng recommends that you purchase the virtual host first. Since the initial period (in a year), the traffic to your site will not be very high. Big, a 200M virtual host is enough for an ordinary blog to use for more than a year.

Buy Linux host, there is usually a parameter, that is, the monthly traffic, if the blog with a small map, the daily traffic is within 300 IP, generally 6-10GB a month of traffic on it. The Linux host’s MySQL database is generally used with the host space, which means that the size of the MySQL database is already included in the virtual host and does not need to be purchased separately. Usually within one year, the size of a blog’s MySQL database will not reach 10M.

So, in the early days of building a blog, you can buy a 200-Mbyte Linux host with a monthly capacity of 6-10G. The price of such a foreign host is generally between 80-200 Yuan/year. Together with a domain name of 60 yuan, generally 150-200 yuan can build your independent blog it!

Read other articles in this series:

WordPress Beginner Part1 — what is wordpress?

WordPress Beginner Part2 — What are the conditions for building a WordPress site?

WordPress Beginner Part3 — How to install WordPress

WordPress Beginner Part4 — WordPress basic settings

WordPress Beginner Part5 — Create and manage article categories

WordPress Beginner Part6 — Little-known background “small private”

WordPress Beginner Part7 — publishing new articles and article management

WordPress Beginner Part8 — New page and management page

WordPress Beginner Part9 — Set up the navigation menu

WordPress Beginner Part10 — Install themes and plugins